Mp Bhoj Msw Assignments 2013 Oscar

1. Chhattisgarh – Chhattisgarh is one of 29 states located in central India. It is the 10th largest state in India, with an area of 135,194 km2, with a population of 28 million, Chhattisgarh is the 17th most-populated state in the country. A resource-rich state, it is a source of electricity and steel for the country, Chhattisgarh is one of the fastest-developing states in India. The state was formed on 1 November 2000 by partitioning 16 Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh, currently the state comprises 27 districts. The following are the list of the districts of Chhattisgarh State, There are several opinions as to the origin of the name Chhattisgarh, Chhattisgarh was popularized later during the time of the Maratha Empire and was first used in an official document in 1795. It is claimed that Chhattisgarh takes its name from the 36 ancient forts in the area, however, experts do not agree with this explanation, as 36 forts cannot be archaeologically identified in this region. Another view, more popular with experts and historians, is that Chhattisgarh is the form of Chedisgarh which means Raj or Empire of the Chedis. In ancient times, Chhattisgarh region had been part of the Chedi dynasty of Kaling, in the medieval period up to 1803, a major portion of present eastern Chhattisgarh was part of the Sambalpur Kingdom of Odisha. The northern and southern parts of the state are hilly, while the part is a fertile plain. The highest point in the state is the Bailadila Range, deciduous forests of the Eastern Highlands Forests cover roughly 44% of the state. The state animal is the van bhainsa, or wild water buffalo, the state bird is the pahari myna, or hill myna. The state tree is the Sal found in Bastar division, in the north lies the edge of the great Indo-Gangetic plain. The Rihand River, a tributary of the Ganges, drains this area, the eastern end of the Satpura Range and the western edge of the Chota Nagpur Plateau form an east-west belt of hills that divide the Mahanadi River basin from the Indo-Gangetic plain. The outline of Chhattisgarh is like a sea horse, the central part of the state lies in the fertile upper basin of the Mahanadi river and its tributaries. This area has extensive rice cultivation, the upper Mahanadi basin is separated from the upper Narmada basin to the west by the Maikal Hills and from the plains of Odisha to the east by ranges of hills. The southern part of the lies on the Deccan plateau, in the watershed of the Godavari River and its tributary. The Mahanadi is the river of the state. The other main rivers are Hasdo, Rihand, Indravati, Jonk, Arpa and it is situated in the east of Madhya Pradesh

2. Padma Shri – Padma Shri is the fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India, after the Bharat Ratna, the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma Bhushan. Awarded by the Government of India, it is announced every year on Indias Republic Day and it has also been awarded to some distinguished individuals who were not citizens of India but did contribute in various ways to India. The selection criteria have been criticized in some quarters with the claim that many highly deserving artists have left out in order to favor certain individuals. On its obverse, the words Padma, meaning lotus in Sanskrit, and Shri, the geometrical pattern on either side is in burnished bronze. All embossing is in white gold, as of 2017,2913 people have received the award

3. Zee TV – Zee TV is an Indian cable and satellite television channel owned and operated by Zee Entertainment Enterprises, a media and entertainment company based in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It majorly airs programmes in Hindi and other languages of India. The channel is available in various nations of Southeast Asia, Europe, the Caribbean. A part of the Essel Group, it started to broadcast on 2 October 1992 as the first Hindi-language cable channel in India, shows from Zee TV are also aired on the very popular channel MBC Digital 4. Zee TV HD was launched on 15 August 2011 along with Zee Cinema HD, the channel mostly airs content intended for family and coming-of-age generations ranging from comedy to drama. It also aired reality shows such as Shabaash India, Sa Re Ga Ma Pa, I Can Do That, Indias Best Cinestars Ki Khoj, and Dance India Dance

4. Godfrey Phillips National Bravery Awards – It is supported by a parallel advertising campaign, Red & White Piney Walon Ki Baat hi Kuch Aur Hai. Presented annually, these awards are the ones of their kind instituted by a tobacco company which uses its corporate identity to give awards. The surrogate activity is under challenge by the health community. Many recipients like actor Vivek Oberoi and activist Harman Siddu have returned these awards after realising that the award is an activity of the tobacco industry. In 2006, film actor Preity Zinta was appointed as the ambassador of the awards. It also claims that the process involves thorough checking of cited events, persons and places. The awards include three categories, and one category for lifetime achievement. Until 2003, the awards were presented in two categories, Physical Bravery and Social Acts of Courage. Winners in each category were awarded gold, silver and bronze medals, in 2003, a major new category, the Mind of Steel Award, was added to the two main categories, its first recipient was actress Preity Zinta. The Lifetime Achievement Award for Social Service, was instituted in 1997

5. Government of India – It is located in New Delhi, the capital of India. There is a bicameral Parliament with the Lok Sabha as a lower house, the judicial branch systematically contains an apex Supreme Court,24 high courts, and several district courts, all inferior to the Supreme Court. Similar to the government, individual state governments each consist of executive, legislative. The legal system as applicable to the federal and individual state governments is based on the English Common, the full name of the country is the Republic of India. No other name appears in the Constitution, and this is the name appears on legal banknotes, in treaties. The Union Government, Central Government or Government of India are often used in an official and unofficial capacity to refer to the Government of India, because the seat of government is in New Delhi, New Delhi is commonly used as a metonym for the Central Government. Legislative branch in India is exercised by the Parliament and a legislature consisting of the Rajya Sabha. The latter is considered the house or the House of the people. The Parliament does not have control and sovereignty, as its laws are subject to judicial review by the Supreme Court of India. However, it does exercise some control over the executive branch, the members of the cabinet, including the prime minister and the Council of Ministers, are either chosen from parliament or elected there to within six months of assuming office. The cabinet as a whole is responsible to the Lok Sabha, the Lok Sabha is a temporary house and can only be dissolved when the party in power loses the support of the majority of the house. Whereas the Rajya Sabha is a permanent house which can never be dissolved though the members of the Rajya Sabha who are elected for a six-year term, the Executive Branch of government is the one that has sole authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the state bureaucracy. The division of power into separate branches of government is central to the idea of the separation of powers. The executive power is vested mainly in the President of India, the President has all constitutional powers and exercises them directly or through officers subordinate to him as per the aforesaid Article 53. The President is to act in accordance with aid and advice tendered by the Prime Minister, the Council of Ministers remains in power during the pleasure of the President. However, in practice, the Council of Ministers must retain the support of the Lok Sabha, if a President were to dismiss the Council of Ministers on his or her own initiative, it might trigger a constitutional crisis. Thus, in practice, the Council of Ministers cannot be dismissed as long as it holds the support of a majority in the Lok Sabha, the President is responsible for making a wide variety of appointments. His/Her work is to facilitate smooth transaction of business in Ministries/ Departments of the Government, the President is de jure the Commander in Chief of the Indian Armed Forces

6. Rajnandgaon district – Rajnandgaon District is a district of the state of Chhattisgarh in India. The administrative headquarters the district is Rajnandgaon town, the district was carved out from the erstwhile Durg district on 26 January 1973. Later, Kabirdham district was carved out from this district on 1 July 1998 and it is currently a part of the Red Corridor. The district covers an area of 8222 km2, according to the 2011 census Rajnandgaon district has a population of 1,537,520, roughly equal to the nation of Gabon or the US state of Hawaii. This gives it a ranking of 325th in India, the district has a population density of 191 inhabitants per square kilometre. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19. 82%, Rajnandgaon has a sex ratio of 1017 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 76. 97%. A tehsil headquarters, Dongargarh, is the main tourist as well as site of the district. The famous temple of Goddess Bamleshwari, on a hilltop of 1,600 feet in the town of Dongargarh, is referred to as Badi Bamleshwari, another temple, at ground level, is situated about 1/2 km from the main temple complex. This temple is known as Chhoti Bamleshwari, many hundreds of thousands of people from in and around Chhattisgarh flock to the shrine during the navratris of Kavar and Chaitra. During these navratris, melas which run 24 hours are organised in the premises of the temple, another site of interest is the ancient place of Mata Sheetala Devi Shakti Peetha. This temple, which dates from 2200 years ago, lies 1.5 km from the railway station, the Mandir Trust has organised the Mela of Maa Bamleshwari and a lot of devotees visit during Mela period. Chotti mata mandir reconstruction in famous pink sandstone and marble stone, pragyagiri, a famous Buddhist Vihara is another attraction of this district. Barfani dham at Rajnandgaon town is another place of pilgrims widely visited, other places are, Ambagarh Chowki, Ambagarh Devi Mandir, Mongara Dem, Sankar Dahara Tipagarh Pahadi. Media related to Rajnandgaon district at Wikimedia Commons Official website List of places in Rajnandgaon

7. Below Poverty Line (India) – Below Poverty Line is an economic benchmark used by the government of India to indicate economic disadvantage and to identify individuals and households in need of government assistance and aid. It is determined using various parameters which vary from state to state, the present criteria are based on a survey conducted in 2002. Going into a survey due for a decade, Indias central government is undecided on criteria to identify families below poverty line, internationally, an income of less than $1.90 per day per head of purchasing power parity is defined as extreme poverty. By this estimate, about 21. 2% percent of Indians are extremely poor, income-based poverty lines consider the bare minimum income to provide basic food requirements, it does not account for other essentials such as health care and education. Criteria are different for the rural and urban areas, in its Tenth Five-Year Plan, the degree of deprivation is measured with the help of parameters with scores given from 0–4, with 13 parameters. Families with 17 marks or less out of a maximum 52 marks have been classified as BPL. Poverty line solely depends on the per capital income in India rather than level of prices. In its Ninth Five-Year Plan, BPL for rural areas was set at annual family income less than Rs,20,000, less than two hectares land, and no television or refrigerator. The number of rural BPL families was 650,000 during the 9th Plan, the survey based on this criterion was again carried out in 2002 and the total number of 387,000 families were identified. This figure was in force until September 2006, the Planning Commission fixed an upper limit of 326,000 for rural BPL families on the basis of simple survey. Accordingly, families having less than 15 marks out of maximum 52 marks have been classified as BPL, the survey was carried out in 2002 and thereafter but could not be finalised due to a stay issued by the Supreme Court of India. The stay was vacated in February 2006 and this survey was finalised and adopted in September 2006 and this survey formed the basis for benefits under government of India schemes. The state governments are free to adopt any criteria/survey for state-level schemes, a total of 125,000 upper families were identified as BPL in urban area in 2004. It has been implemented since then, the Government of Kerala is one of the few state governments which has formulated its own criteria. In Kerala there are nine parameters, families which lack access to four or more parameters are classified as BPL. It was stipulated that the standard for a typical individual in rural areas was 2400 calorie and was 2100 calorie in urban areas. Then the cost of the grains that fulfil this normative standard was calculated and this cost was the poverty line. In 1978, it was Rs.61.80 per person per month for rural areas, since then the Planning Commission calculates the poverty line every year adjusting for inflation. The poverty line in recent years is as follows – This income is bare minimum to support the requirements and does not provide much for the other basic essential items like health

8. Non-governmental organization – A non-governmental organization is a not-for-profit organization that is independent from states and international governmental organizations. They are usually funded by donations but some avoid formal funding altogether and are run primarily by volunteers, NGOs are highly diverse groups of organizations engaged in a wide range of activities, and take different forms in different parts of the world. Some may have charitable status, while others may be registered for tax exemption based on recognition of social purposes, others may be fronts for political, religious, or other interests. The number of NGOs worldwide is estimated to be 3.7 million, India is estimated to have had around 2 million NGOs in 2009, just over one NGO per 600 Indians, and many times the number of primary schools and primary health centres in India. China is estimated to have approximately 440,000 officially registered NGOs, NGOs are difficult to define, and the term NGO is not always used consistently. In some countries the term NGO is applied to an organization that in another country would be called an NPO, there are many different classifications of NGO in use. The most common focus is on orientation and level of operation, an NGOs orientation refers to the type of activities it takes on. These activities might include human rights, environmental, improving health, an NGOs level of operation indicates the scale at which an organization works, such as local, regional, national, or international. The term non-governmental organization was first coined in 1945, when the United Nations was created, later the term became used more widely. One characteristic these diverse organizations share is that their non-profit status means they are not hindered by short-term financial objectives. Accordingly, they are able to devote themselves to issues which occur across longer time horizons, such as change, malaria prevention. Public surveys reveal that NGOs often enjoy a degree of public trust. NGO/GRO types can be understood by their orientation and level of how they operate, charitable orientation often involves a top-down paternalistic effort with little participation by the beneficiaries. It includes NGOs with activities directed toward meeting the needs of the poor people, in the classical community development project, participation begins with the need definition and continues into the planning and implementation stages. There is maximum involvement of the beneficiaries with NGOs acting as facilitators, community-based organizations arise out of peoples own initiatives. They can be responsible for raising the consciousness of the poor, helping them to understand their rights in accessing needed services. City-wide organizations include organizations such as chambers of commerce and industry, coalitions of business, ethnic or educational groups, national NGOs include national organizations such as the YMCAs/YWCAs, professional associations and similar groups. Some have state and city branches and assist local NGOs and they can be responsible for funding local NGOs, institutions and projects and implementing projects

9. Self-help group (finance) – A self-help group is a village-based financial intermediary committee usually composed of 10–20 local women or men. A mixed group is not preferred. Most self-help groups are located in India, though SHGs can be found in countries, especially in South Asia. Members make small regular savings contributions over a few months there is enough capital in the group to begin lending. Funds may then be lent back to the members or to others in the village for any purpose, in India, many SHGs are linked to banks for the delivery of micro-credit. A SHG may be registered or unregistered and they pool their resources to become financially stable, taking loans from the money collected by that group and by making everybody in that group self-employed. The group members use collective wisdom and peer pressure to ensure proper end-use of credit and this system eliminates the need for collateral and is closely related to that of solidarity lending, widely used by micro finance institutions. To make the simple, flat interest rates are used for most loan calculations. Self-help groups are started by non-governmental organizations that generally have broad anti-poverty agendas, financial intermediation is generally seen more as an entry point to these other goals, rather than as a primary objective. This model has attracted attention as a way of delivering micro-finance services to poor populations that have been difficult to reach directly through banks or other institutions. By aggregating their individual savings into a deposit, self-help groups minimize the banks transaction costs. Through self-help groups the bank can serve small rural depositors while paying them a market rate of interest, NABARD estimates that there are 2.2 million SHGs in India, representing 33 million members, that have taken loans from banks under its linkage program to date. This does not include SHGs that have not borrowed and these states accounted for 57% of the SHG credits linked during the financial year 2005–2006. An economically poor individual gains strength as part of a group, besides, financing through SHGs reduces transaction costs for both lenders and borrowers. Where successful, SHGs have significantly empowered poor people, especially women, ghosh, S. • ‘Citizenship in Practice, Poverty Reduction and Self Help Groups’, Journal of Asian and African Studies, Vol.49, pp. 442–456

10. Government of Rajasthan – The Government of Rajasthan also known as the State Government of Rajasthan, or locally as State Government, is the supreme governing authority of the Indian state of Rajasthan and its 33 districts. It consists of an executive, led by the Governor of Rajasthan, a judiciary, Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan, and houses the Vidhan Sabha and the secretariat. Like other states in India, the head of state of Rajasthan is the Governor and his or her post is largely ceremonial. The Chief Minister is the head of government and is vested with most of the executive powers, the present Legislature of Rajasthan is unicameral, consisting of Legislative Assembly, which consists of 200 M. L. A. The assembly sits for terms of a maximum of 5 years, the Rajasthan High Court is having its principal seat in Jodhpur, and a bench at Jaipur which have respective jurisdiction over the neighboring districts of Rajasthan. Local governments consists of Panchayati Raj Institutions for rural areas and Municipalities or Urban Local Bodies for urban areas, here is the web directory of Rajasthan Politics of Rajasthan Politics of India Rajasthan Legislative Assembly GOVERNMENT OF RAJASTHAN - Official Web Portal

11. Zee Entertainment Enterprises – Zee Entertainment Enterprises Ltd. is an Indian media and entertainment company based in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. A subsidiary of the Essel Group the companys founder and managing director is Subhash Chandra, the Company has 35 channels serving Indian content across India and 169 countries, with the latest being World is One News. The company was launched on 15 December 1991 and was known as Zee Telefilms until 2006, when it was renamed. ZEEL currently operates over 34 different television channels, a cable company Siti Cable, a record label Zee Music Company and it has expanded operations abroad, with several of its channels available in the UK and US as well as Africa and Asia. In 2002 ZEEL acquired a majority stake in ETC Networks, in 2006, they acquired Integrated Subscriber Management Services Limited and in November 2006, ZEEL acquired an interest in Taj television TEN Sports. In February 2010 ZEEL acquired a stake in TEN Sports. As Zee Telefilms, the formed part of BSE Sensex from 2000-2005. The news and regional entertainment channel business was spun off into a company in 2006 under the corporate banner Zee News Ltd. Fox also holds an approximate 30% interest in Tata Sky Limited which owns, the Company has a 50/50 joint venture, Star Den, with Den Networks Limited to perform channel placement services in India. It also owns a music label, Zee Music Company, in 2016, Zee launched Zee Mundo, the first ever Spanish-language Bollywood movie channel. Zee Motion Pictures also operates Zee Limelight, gadar, Ek Prem Katha, Natsamrat, Sairat and Rustom include their successful productions

12. Government of Chhattisgarh – It consists of an executive, led by the Governor of Chhattisgarh, a judiciary and a legislative branch. Like other states in India, the head of state of Chhattisgarh is the Governor and his or her post is largely ceremonial. The Chief Minister is the head of government and is vested with most of the executive powers, raipur is the capital of Chhattisgarh, and houses the Chhattisgarh Vidhan Sabha and the secretariat. The Chhattisgarh High Court, located Bilaspur, has jurisdiction over the whole state, the present Legislative Assembly of Chhattisgarh is unicameral, consisting of 91 Members of Legislative Assembly. Its term is 5 years, unless sooner dissolved, founder Chief Minister of Chhattisgarh State Mr. Ajeet Pramod Kumar Jogi From Congress Party Second Chief Minister of Chhattisgarh State Dr. Raman Singh From Bhartiya Janta Party

13. Krishnammal Jagannathan – Krishnammal Jagannathan is a social service activist from the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. She and her husband, Sankaralingam Jagannathan, protested against social injustice and her work includes upliftment of Scheduled Caste, the landless, and the poor, she has sometimes fought against governments as well as big industries. She was earlier involved in the Indian independence movement, along with her husband and she has received several awards and recently has been listed for Right Livelihood Award for 2008, which she would share with four others, including her husband. Jagannathan was born Devendra Kula Vellalar family in 1926 and her first encounter with social injustice and poverty was by looking at her mother Nagammal who had to toil very hard and had to work even when she was in advanced stage of pregnancy. Despite being from a family she managed university education and was soon involved with the Gandhian Sarvodaya Movement. It was through Sarvodaya that she Sankaralingam, who was later to be her husband. Sankaralingam hailed from a family, yet gave up his college studies in 1930 in response to Gandhis call for non-co-operation movement. At one stage Krishnammal even shared a stage with Gandhi and also met Martin Luther King, sankaralinga later joined the Quit India Movement in 1942 and spent years in jail before India gained its independence in 1947. Having decided only to marry in independent India Sankaralingam and Krishnammal married in 1950 and she would later head the Salt Satyagraha march in Vedaranyam, this time not in protest, but to commemorate the platinum jublee of the event in 2006. Sankaralingam and Krishnammal believed that one of the key requirements for achieving a Gandhian society is by empowering the poor through redistribution of land to the landless. For two years between 1950 and 1952 Sankaralingam was with Vinoba Bhave in Northern India on his Bhoodan Padayatra, meanwhile, Krishnammal completed her teacher-training course in Madras. When Sankaralingam returned to Tamil Nadu to start the Bhoodhan movement the couple, until 1968, worked for land redistribution through Vinoba Bhaves Gramdan movement, Sankaralingam was imprisoned many times for this work. It was this incident that would inspire the couple, Krishnammal, Jagannathan founded Land for Tillers Freedom in 1981 with her husband. Although the initial response was lukewarm with banks unwilling to lend, by 2007, through LAFTI, she had transferred 13,000 acres to about 13,000 families. LAFTI would gain such popularity that even the Government of India would implement LAFTIs approach to increase the peaceful transfer of land. In 1992 Jagannathan started working on issues concerned with prawn farms along the coast of Tamil Nadu, the prawn farms also caused heavy seepage of seawater into the groundwater in the neighbourhood, thus the local people were deprived of clean drinking water resources. The result is even more small farmers sell their meager land-holdings to multinational prawn companies and move to the cities. To address prawn farm issue the Jagannathans organised the whole of LAFTIs village movement to raise awareness among the people to oppose the prawn farms, since 1993, the villagers have offered Satygraha, through rallies, fasts, and demonstrations in protest of establishing the prawn farms

14. Baba Amte – He and his wife, Sadhna Amte had started an organization for the leprosy patients- Anand van in 1950 However, this pioneer was started as an arogya centre below a tree in 1949. Baba Amte was born to Mr. Devidas Amte and Mrs. Laxmibai Amte in the city of Hinganghat in Wardha District of Maharashtra on 26 December 1914 and his father was a British government officer with responsibilities for district administration and revenue collection. Murlidhar had acquired his nickname Baba in his childhood and he came to be known as Baba not because he was a saint or any such thing, but because his parents addressed him by that name. He was among eight children of his father. As the eldest son of a land owner. By the time he was fourteen, he owned his own gun and hunted boar, when he was old enough to drive, he was given a Singer Sports car with cushions covered with panther skin. He never appreciated the restrictions that prevented him playing with the low-caste servants children. There is a certain callousness in families like my family and they put up strong barriers so as not to see the misery in the world outside and I rebelled against it. Trained in law, he developed a legal practice at Wardha. He spent some time at Sevagram ashram of Mahatma Gandhi and became a follower of Gandhism for the rest of his life and he followed Gandhism, including yarn spinning using a charkha and wearing khadi. When Gandhi got to know that he has saved a girl from British soldiers who were lewdly taunting her, in those days, leprosy was associated with social stigma and the society disowned people suffering from leprosy. There was also a widespread misbelief that leprosy was highly contagious, Amte founded three ashrams for treatment and rehabilitation of leprosy patients, disabled people, and people from marginalised sections of the society in Maharashtra, India. On 15 August 1949, he started a hospital in Anandvan under a tree, in 1973, Amte founded the Lok Biradari Prakalp to work for the Madia Gond tribal people of Gadchiroli District. He Was Awarded With Padma Shri by government of India in year 1971 and she actively participated in her husbands social work with equal dedication. Their two sons, Dr. Vikas Amte and Dr. Prakash Amte, and two daughters-in-law, Dr. Mandakini and Dr. Bharati, are all doctors, all four have dedicated their lives to social work and causes similar to those of the senior Amte. Their two sons, Dr. Digant and Aniket have also dedicated their lives to the causes as their parents. In 2008, Prakash and Mandakini were given the Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership, Baba Amtes elder son Dr. Vikas Amte and his wife Dr. Bharati Amte run the hospital at Anandwan and co-ordinate operations between Anandwan and satellite projects. Today, Anandwan and Hemalkasa village have one hospital, each, Anandwan has a university, an orphanage, and schools for the blind and the deaf. Currently, the self-sufficient Anandwan ashram has over 5,000 residents, the community development project at Anandwan in Maharashtra is recognised around the world

15. Narayan Desai – Narayan Desai was an Indian Gandhian and author. The son of Mahatma Gandhis personal secretary and biographer Mahadev Desai, he was born in Bulsar, brought up in Gandhis Ashram in Sabarmati, Ahmedabad and Sevagram near Wardha, Narayan stopped attending school to be educated and trained by his father and other residents of the Ashram. He specialized in education, spinning and weaving khadi. He started the mouthpiece of Bhoodan movement, titled Bhoomiputra and remained its editor till 1959, Narayan joined the Akhil Bharatiya Shanti Sena Mandal, founded by Vinoba and headed by veteran socialist leader Jayaprakash Narayan. Narayan was involved in the setting up of Peace Brigades International and was elected as the chairman of the War Resisters International and he along with a Pakistani peace group were awarded the UNESCO prize for International Peace. Narayan was active in the campaign against the imposition of emergency in India, following JPs death, Narayan moved to Vedchhi and set up the Sampoorna Kranti Vidyalaya. The Institute imparts training in non-violence and Gandhian way of life and he recited Gandhi-Katha across the world starting 2004. The biography was written in four volumes containing 2000 pages, after completing Gandhis biography he thought that very few people would buy this book due to its volume and high price. He thought of an idea for spreading Gandhis message. Like Ramayan and Bhagwat katha he started Gandhi Katha, for seven days X3 hours he narrated the life and thought of Gandhi. He also sang songs written and composed by him during katha, to some he would tell about Gandhis political activities and to the executives he would tell about the leadership and management skill of Gandhi. This katha telling disperse many wrong perception about Mahatma prevailing in the minds of public and he also narrated many unpublished and unknown incidents of the life of Gandhi. This katha was very popular in India and overseas and it is to be noted that he took this venture of Katha telling at the age of 81. He served as Chancellor of Gujarat Vidyapith since 23 July 2007 and he slipped into coma on 10 December 2014 but later recovered and spun charkha. He had difficulties in daily activities and was on liquid diet and he died on 15 March 2015 at Mahavir Trauma Centre, Surat. He was cremated at Sampoorna Kranti Vidyalaya at Vedchhi on the same day, Narayan was accorded the Sahitya Akademi Award for Gujarati in 1993 for the biography of his father Mahadev Desai he wrote as part of the centenary celebrations of Gandhis close aide. Earlier, Narayans book about his reminiscences of Gandhi too had won the Sahitya Academy Award. He also received Ranjitram Suvarna Chandrak, the highest award of Gujarati literature, in 2001

16. Salem Nanjundaiah Subba Rao – Salem Nanjundaiah Subba Rao is an Indian social worker who founded the National Youth Project. Shri Salem Nanjundaiah Subba Rao was born in Bangalore, Karnataka and his father Shri Nanjudaiah was an advocate of repute, known for refusing unjust cases. Along with his three brothers, Subba Rao started singing songs at the tender age of ten in the Ramakrishna Vedanta College. While studying in the school he was inspired by the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi and his first experience with India’s freedom movement was on the morning of 9 August 1942 when he, along with other school students, boycotted classes. He was writing Quit India on Street walls and roads when he was arrested by the British police, since then Shri Subba Rao became active in freedom struggle of the country. During student life he participated in Student Congress and Rashtra Seva Dal Programmes. Under the banner of a local organization ‘Gandhi Sahitya Sangha’ he led youths to organize adult education programme in mohallas of labourers and it was his popularity through these programmes and his organising abilities which resulted in his selection for 31 day training camp at Gurlhosur in 1946. POST INDEPENDENCE ERA Shri Subba Rao came in contact with his mentor Dr. N. S, Hardiker, in 1948 during Chittradurg Camp. Subba Rao joined the headquarters of Congress Seva Dal on invitation of Dr. Hardiker in 1951, Dr. Hardiker’s invitation was for one year. Shri Subba Rao continued his activities from 7, Jantar Mantar Road, New Delhi till 1970, organizing youth camps all over India with tremendous success and his abilities won him the affection of Shri Jawahar Lal Nehru, Shri K. Kamraj and several other national leaders. All were very impressed by his revolutionary ideas of service to Mother India. In 1965 came up an event that would help him realize his fondest dreams, the entire nation was gearing up to celebrate the ‘Gandhi Centenary’ that started in that year and continued till the actual centenary year 1969. During Gandhi Centenary year, Shri Subba Rao was nominated the Director of Gandhi Darshan Train, two trains equipped with audio-visual materials on the life of Mahatma, were launched, one on meter gauge and the other on broad gauge. These caravans set out on a long journey across the country reaching to the remotest stations exhibiting the life. These trains acted as a medium for lakhs of volunteers in the country for promoting constructive work, Shri Subba Rao became a lifetime member of ‘Gandhi Peace Foundation’ in 1970 on the request of Shri R. R. Diwakar, the Union Minister. MAHATMA GANDHI SEWA ASHRAM When in 1954, Shri Subba Rao walked through the terrains of Chambal and it was this concept, which contributed to the organization of Shram Camps in the region. Shri Subba Rao organized a record 10 month long camp at Joura, therefore in 1970, when he thought of serving the whole country rather than one political party. Shri Subba Rao with the money he got as honorarium for working as Director of ‘Gandhi Darshan Train’, founded Mahatma Gandhi Sewa Ashram in Chambal valley at Joura, district Morena, on 27 September

17. Sunderlal Bahuguna – Sunderlal Bahuguna is a noted Garhwali environmentalist, Chipko movement leader and a follower of Mahatma Gandhis philosophy of Non-violence and Satyagraha. This idea of movement was of his wife and the action was taken by him. He was one of the early environmentalists of India, and later he and people associated with the Chipko movement later started taking up environmental issues and he was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, Indias second highest civilian honour, on 26 January 2009. Sunderlal Bahuguna was born in village Maroda near Tehri, Uttarakhand on 9 January 1927 and he claimed in a function arranged at Kolkata, that his ancestors bearing surname Bandopadhyaya, migrated from Bengal to Tehri, some 800 years ago. Early on, he fought against untouchability and later started organising hill women in his drive from 1965 to 1970. Bahuguna also mobilised people against colonial rule before 1947 and he adopted Gandhian principles in his life and married his wife Vimla with the condition that they would live among rural people and establish ashram in village. Chipko movement was started in 1973 spontaneously in, in an effort to save trees, in Hindi, Chipko literally means to stick and people started sticking to trees when it was being cut. Chipko movement later inspired Appiko Movement in Karnataka, one of Sunderlal Bahugunas notable contributions to that cause, and to environmentalism in general, was his creation of the Chipkos slogan Ecology is permanent economy. He had an appointment with the then Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and he was also closely associated with Gaura Devi, one of the pioneers of the movement. He has remained behind the anti-Tehri Dam protests for decades, he used the Satyagraha methods, in 1995, he called off a 45-day-long fast following an assurance from the then Prime Minister P. V. D. Deve Gowda, he gave personal undertaking of project review, however, despite a court case which ran in the Supreme Court for over a decade, work resumed at the Tehri dam in 2001, following which he was arrested on 20 April 2001. Sunderlal Bahuguna has been a defender of the Himalayan people, working for temperance. He has also struggled to defend Indias rivers

18. T.Kallupatti – T. Kallupatti, is a panchayat town in Madurai district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Archaeological excavations has confirmed about Iron Age historical remains in T. Kallupatti, the findings were from Upper Gundar Basin. The early history can be dated back to 5th century A. D. T. Kallupatti and Chinnakattalai are the few places in South India with Iron Age historical remains of copper, the findings were reported by the Journal for South Asian studies. The Archaealogical Survey of India excavated in 1977 and its documented in the book Distinctive beads in ancient India by Maurya Jyotsna. As of 2001 India census, T. Kallupatti had a population of 10, males constitute 51% of population and females 49%. T. Kallupatti has an literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59. 5%, male literacy is 75%. In T. Kallupatti, 11% of population are under 6 years of age, floating population is high for a rural town at 25000. But the literacy rate would have increased by now to nearly 90%, T. Kallupatti is at the Crossroads of Madurai to Rajapalayam and Virudhunagar to Theni Highways making it a rural hub. Western Ghats come on the western, northeastern and southwest side of the town. The Town has a cooler temperature than Madurai city and other eastern areas due to proximity to the Western Ghats. The town has a similar to a person and this is actually a common thing seen in Southern Tamil Nadu. The Initial for the town is the Name of the Mother Village from which it derives its existence and its as similar to the relation between Mother and Children. This actually had been the original Tamil culture for years, here T. Kallupattis Mother village is Devankuruchi a small village on the road towards Peraiyur. The Devankurichi hill is a symbol of spirituality as one can see it while driving closer to T. Kallupatti, many people throng the Agneeswaran Temple of Devankurichi for doing the last rites of those who are dead and so its equated to Kasi. T. Kallupatti is a symbol of mixed culture, Mutharaiyar, Pillai, Thevar, and dalits are major communities. Tamil communities like Pillai, Mutharaiyar, Maravar form the significant group of the town, brahmin population is now eroded though they were the dominating community once. The Christian and Muslim population in the town has increased recently to a significant number, dalits of the area are well educated and settled except for a smaller group. Significance identities of this place are Eazhoor Muthalamman Temple, Devankurichi Temple, Gandhi niketan Ashram, District Institutions of Education and Training, Govt hospitals. Before Indian independence, T. Kallupatti was as a hub for meeting and this place is being visited by many national freedom fighters and political leaders

19. Anil K. Rajvanshi – Anil K. Rajvanshi is an academic from India, and is the current Director of the Nimbkar Agricultural Research Institute. Dr. Rajvanshi was born and raised in Lucknow, India and he has been the director of NARI at Maharashtra, India since 1981. Prior to taking this position he served on the faculty at the University of Florida, Dr. Rajvanshi has more than 35 years of experience in renewable energy research, rural and sustainable development. He has more than 150 publications and 7 patents to his credit, for his solar energy and rural development work Dr. Rajvanshi has been inducted into the Solar Hall of Fame. He has received the Jamnalal Bajaj Award in 2001, the Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry award in 2002, in 2009 he received the Globe Award for Sustainability Research. And in 2014 he became the first Indian to receive the Distinguished Alumnus Award from University of Florida, masters degree from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur in 1974. Doctorate in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Florida, USA in 1979

20. Ayyappa Masagi – Ayyappa Masagi is considered a Water Warrior for India. He has helped create countless solutions to Indias water scarcity problem and many communities, farms and he has been nicknamed Water Gandhi by villagers on the Karnataka-Andhra Pradhesh border. Ayyappa Masagi is from a village in the Gadag District of North Karnataka. As a child he helped provide water to his family by walking every day with his mother in the wee hours. His passion for water conservation started because of this and grew as he gained relevant knowledge from his parents and research about water and agriculture. After graduating and starting a career, he started working for a company in Bangalore called Larsen & Toubro where he worked for 23 years as a mechanical engineer. Wanting to pursue his passion for helping India’s growing water scarcity issue, he quit his job, the book also helps everyone become a water warrior by explaining different techniques about saving and recharging our precious water. Moreover, the reader will get an overview about all of the finished projects

21. Chewang Norphel – Chewang Norphel is an Indian civil engineer from Ladakh, who has built 15 artificial glaciers. He has earned the nickname Ice Man, coming from a middle-class family of Leh, Norphel went to Amar Singh College in Srinagar as a student of science. He completed a course in civil engineering from Lucknow in 1960. In June 1960, he joined the development department of Jammu. In 1996, Norphel joined the Leh Nutrition Project, a non-governmental organisation, Norphel noticed a small stream had frozen solid under the shade of a group of poplar trees, though it flowed freely elsewhere in his yard. He realized the reason for this phenomenon, the water was moving too quickly to freeze. Based on this, he created artificial glaciers by diverting a river into a valley, the artificial glaciers increase the ground-water recharge, rejuvenating the spring and providing water for irrigation. He constructed them at lower elevations, so that they melt earlier, by 2012, Norphel had built 12 artificial glaciers. Norphels largest glacier is the one at the Phuktsey village and it is 1,000 ft long,150 ft wide and 4 ft in depth. It can supply water for the village of 700 people. Documentary film-maker Aarti Shrivastava also directed a film on his life titled White Knight. He is a recipient of the Jamnalal Bajaj Award in 2010 and he was awarded Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award of India, in 2015. CHEWANG NORPHEL, THE ICE MAN OF LADAKH

22. Mitraniketan Viswanathan – Mitraniketan K. Viswanathan was a social reformer, philanthropist and environmentalist in Kerala, India. He founded Mitraniketan, a non governmental organization in Vellanadu, Thiruvananthapuram in 1956, Viswanathan was born on 8 February 1928 in Vellanad, Thiruvananthapuram District, Kerala, India. He did his schooling in Thiruvananthapuram and joined Visva-Bharati University, founded by Rabindranath Tagore, later he continued his studies in the US, the UK and in Scandinavia. During his days in the US, he came in touch with Arthur E. Morgan which helped him shape his later years and he was the patron of Kerala Voluntary Action League, a network of Non Governmental organizations. Further, he chaired many organisations and attended conferences in India and abroad and he died on 28 April 2014 due to heart related problems at a private clinic in Thiruvananthapuram. He was awarded Padmashri by Government of India in 2009

23. Rajendra Singh – Rajendra Singh is a well-known water conservationist from Alwar district, Rajasthan in India. Also known as waterman of India, he won the Stockholm Water Prize, previously, he won the Ramon Magsaysay Award for community leadership in 2001 for his pioneering work in community-based efforts in water harvesting and water management. He runs an NGO called Tarun Bharat Sangh, which was founded in 1975 and he is one of the members of the National Ganga River Basin Authority under Ministry of Environment, Govt. In 2008, The Guardian named him amongst its list of 50 people who could save the planet, in the UK he is a founder member of an NGO called the Flow Partnership which aims to counter the negative effects of soil erosion and flooding. Rajendra Singh was born at village Daula in Bagpat district in Uttar Pradesh near Meerut, both sides of his Rajput family belong to the zamindari tradition, and he was the eldest of seven siblings. His father was an agriculturist and looked over their 60 acres of land in the village, another important influence was an English language teacher in school, Pratap Singh, who started discussing politics and social issues with his students after class. At this time Emergency was imposed in 1975, making him aware about the issues of democracy and he enrolled for post graduation in Hindi literature, at another college in Baraut, affiliated with Allahabad University. Meanwhile, he joined Tarun Bharat Sangha or TBS, a formed by officer. One of the first tasks he took up was working with a group nomad blacksmiths and this exposure inspired him to work closely with people. However back at work, he was feeling increasingly frustrated by the apathy of his superiors towards developmental issues and his own inability to have a larger impact, he left his job in 1984. He sold all his goods for Rs 23,000 and took a bus ticket for the last stop, on boarded bus going into interior of Rajasthan. The last stop turned out to be Kishori village in Thanagazi tehsil in Alwar district, after initial skepticism, the villagers of neighboring village Bhikampura accepted him, and here they found a place to stay. Soon, he started a small Ayurvedic medicine practice in nearby village Gopalpura, while his colleagues went out about promoting education in the villages. Alwar district, which once had a market, was at the time largely dry and barren, as years of deforestation and mining had led to a dwindling water table. At this point he met an elder, Mangu Lal Patel. As a result, the area had no water since previous five years and was officially declared a dark zone. Though Rajendra wanted to learn the techniques from local farmers about water conservation, his other city friends were reluctant to work manually. Eventually with the help of a few local youths he started desilting the Gopalpura johad, when the monsoon arrived that year, the johad filled up and soon wells which had been dry for years had water

24. Bunker Roy – Sanjit Bunker Roy is an Indian social activist and educator who founded the Barefoot College. He was selected as one of Time 100s 100 most influential personalities in 2010 for his work in educating illiterate and he attended The Doon School from 1956 to 1962, and St. Stephens College, Delhi from 1962 to 1967. Roy was the National Runner-up in squash in 1964, and participated in three world squash championships representing India, in 1970, he married Aruna Roy. Bunker is a founder of what is now called Barefoot College, after conducting a survey of water supplies in 100 drought prone areas, Roy established the Social Work and Research Centre in 1972. Its mission soon changed from a focus on water and irrigation to empowerment, Roy was appointed by Rajiv Gandhi to the governments Planning Commission. He recommended that legislation be created that would apply a code of conduct for non-governmental organisations and he also proposed that a national council be created that would recommend legitimate organisations to the government and monitor their activities. In 1983, he was the plaintiff in Roy v State of Rajasthan in which the Supreme Court struck down a policy which had allowed women famine relief workers to be paid less than male workers. Roy has spoken at the TED conference, in which he talks about how the Barefoot College helps rural communities becomes self-sufficient

Танкадо мертв. - Да, - сказал голос.  - Мой человек ликвидировал его, но не получил ключ. За секунду до смерти Танкадо успел отдать его какому-то туристу.

0 thoughts on “Mp Bhoj Msw Assignments 2013 Oscar

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *