Minar-E-Pakistan Essay

Minar-e-Pakistan (Urdu: مینارِ پاکستان‬‎) is a public monument located in, adjacent to the Walled City of Lahore, in the Pakistani province of Punjab .[1] The tower was constructed during the 1960s site where the All-India Muslim League passed the Lahore Resolution on 23 March 1940 - the first official call for a separate and independent homeland for the Muslims of British India, as espoused by the two-nation theory.


The tower reflects a blend of Mughal/Islamic and modern architecture.

The tower was designed and supervised by, an architect and engineer hailing from Punjab.[2] The foundation stone was laid on 23 March 1960. Construction took eight years, and was completed on 21 October 1968 at an estimated cost of Rs 7,058,000. The money was collected by imposing an additional tax on cinema and horse racing tickets at the demand of Akhtar Hussain, governor of West Pakistan. Today, the minaret provides a panoramic view to visitors who can't climb up the stairs or access the top, by means of an elevator. The parks around the monument include marble fountains and an artificial lake.


The base is about 8 metres above the ground. The tower rises about 62 metres on the base, the total height of the minar is about 70 metres above the ground. The unfolding petals of the flower-like base are 9 metres high. The diameter of the tower is about 9.75 meters. The rostrum is built of patterned tiles, and faces Badshahi Mosque. The base comprises four platforms. To symbolise the humble beginning of the freedom struggle, first platform is built with uncut stones from Taxila, second platform is made of hammer-dressed stones, whereas third platform is of chiselled stones. Polished white marble at the fourth and final platform depicts the success of the Pakistan Movement.[3] Mr. Mukhtar Masood, a prolific writer and the then–deputy commissioner of Lahore, was one of the members of the Building Committee. Mian Abdul Khaliq and Company went on to build many other landmarks of Pakistan including the Gaddafi Stadium (also designed by Murat-Khan)[4] and BRB Canal.


At the base, there are floral inscriptions on ten converging white marbleCommemorative plaques. The inscriptions include the text of Lahore Resolution in Urdu, Bengali and English, and Delhi Resolution's text, which was passed on 9 April 1946. On different plaques, Quranic verses and 99 attributes of Allah are inscribed in Arabiccalligraphy, whereas National Anthem of Pakistan in Urdu and Bengali, excerpts from the speeches of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, in Urdu, Bengali and English, along with few couplets of Allama Iqbal include the other important inscriptions.[3]

Symbolic importance[edit]

Minar-e-Pakistan has served as the location for a number of rallies.[5]

Interesting Facts[edit]

Tower construction was started in 1960 and it took 8 years to complete in 1968.The estimated budget to complete the great construction near Rs.70 Lakh (7 million). It is the combinatrion of Islamic as well as National Culture. The tower base is just like a flower. The monument is covered with parks and flowers. Its location is always used for political and religious events. It is also known as "Tower of Pakistan".


  • A beautiful View of Minar-e-Pakistan at Sunst

  • Minar-e-Pakistan at Night

  • Minar-e-Pakistan Ground Level

  • View of Minar-e-Pakistan at Night

  • Minar-e-Pakistan richly framed by an aisle arch

  • Minar-e-Pakistan night view

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

The Minar-e-Pakistan at Lahore, Pakistan

Minar-e-Pakistan is one of the most popular and must-visit tourist attractions in Lahore. It is constructed of reinforced concrete, with the floors and walls rendered in stone and marble. The Minar-e-Pakistan is also known as the Minaret of Pakistan, Pakistan Tower or Pakistan Column. It is officially recognized as the National Monument of Pakistan.

The Minar-e-Pakistan or ‘Pakistan Day Memorial‘ has been erected as a monument in commemoration of the Lahore Resolution in Iqbal Park. This was the first official declaration to establish a separate homeland for the Muslims living in the subcontinent, on March 23, 1940. The government and people of Pakistan now celebrate this day as Pakistan Day, a national holiday, each year.

The Minar-e-Pakistan was designed by Murat Khan, an architect of Central Asia. He was a graduate of St. Petersburg University and originally belonged to Dagestan, USSR. It was built by ‘Mian Abdul Khaliq and Company’, a famous construction company. The base of the tower or minar is raised approximately four meters from the ground.

The Minar is a blend of Mughal and modern architecture. It bears a bold design. The base platform is shaped like a five-pointed star, and it encloses crescent shaped pools. It rises up to approximately 13 meters, forming a sculpted flower-like base. From this point, the Minar-e-Pakistan tapers as it rises. There are ten marble slabs of seven-feet height and two-feet width. Ninety-nine names of Allah can be seen written on the base, all around the Minar. Other inscriptions include excerpts from the speeches of Mr. Muhammad Ali Jinnah in English, the National Anthem in Urdu and Bengali and a verse by Dr. Allama Iqbal.




  • The Minar-e-Pakistan is about 60 meters or 198.5 feet in height.
  • The Minar is built on the site where on March 23, 1940, seven years before the formation of Pakistan, the Muslim League passed the Lahore Resolution.
  • There are 324 stairs to go to the top, besides a lift.
  • The foundation stone of the minar was laid on 23 March, 1960, by Mr. Akhtar Hussain, the governor of West Pakistan.


The Minar-e-Pakistan is a tall concrete unique minaret located in Iqbal Park in Lahore, Pakistan. You can reach the minar within half-an-hour’s drive from the AIIA (Allama Iqbal International Airport). Either take a taxi or board on a bus to reach the minar.

Best time to Visit

The best time to visit Pakistan is during the winters, as summers are very hot.

More on Minar-e-Pakistan

Nearby Attractions: AL-Hammra Art Centre, Ali Hajvery’s Tomb, Tomb of Jahangir & Kamran’s Baradari Pavilion, Shalimar Gardens and Badshahi Mosque.


Last updated : Wednesday, October 14, 2015

Published On: Thursday, October 31st, 2013

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